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This project explains how to install a basic 5.1 home theater sound system with three front in-wall speakers, two in-ceiling surround sound speakers and a subwoofer.

Step-by-step guide to install a 5.1 Surround Sound system in your home. A 5.1 home theater system generally consists of three front speakers (Left channel, Right channel and Center Channel), surround speakers to the left and right behind the main seating area plus a subwoofer.

Category: Audio and home theater | Skill Level: Intermediate | Description: Provides 5.1 Surround to a Room
Location: Living room, bedroom and basement

Parts Checklist

Tools You'll Need

Tools You'll Need

Drywall saw
Wire cutters
Tape measure
Fish tape

Stud finder
Cable stripper
Silicone Sealant
16/4 speaker cable

How to Install 5.1 Surround Sound

Locate a pair of evoQ™ 5000 In-Wall Speakers vertically to the left and right of your screen, along the screens centerline. The use of a level is recommended to make sure the speakers are mounted properly in relation to the screen.

Locate a third in-wall speaker centered horizontally below (or above) your screen.

Next, mark the location of a pair of evoQ™ 5000 In-Ceiling Speakers along the ceilings centerline, to the right and left behind the main seating area. Measure approximately 20% of the total centerline from each side of the wall for proper spacing. For instance, if the room’s centerline is 10’ long, locate each speaker 2’ out from opposing side walls, leaving 6’ between each speaker.

The subwoofer typically would be located along the same wall as your home entertainment gear and connected directly to your amplifier. You may need to experiment with different locations and listen for the best and most consistent bass response while walking around the perimeter of the room.

Finally, the Home Theater Connection Kit typically would be located at outlet height on an inside wall behind or near your home theater equipment. It should not be mounted in a firewall.

5000 Series In-Wall Speaker, HT5801

Cut mounting holes

Use the provided In-Wall Mounting Templates to mark a 7 ½ ” x 10 ¾” rectangle at each of the three front speaker locations. Once completed, use the provided In-Ceiling Mounting Templates and mark a 7 ¾” diameter circle at each of the ceiling speaker locations.

Cut speaker openings with the drywall saw. Temporarily remove any insulation. If possible, verify that there are no electrical wires running across the marked locations prior to cutting the holes.

For the Home Theater Connection Kit, cut a 2 ¼” wide by 3 ¾” high hole at the desired location.

Insert an outlet bracket into the hole and use a screwdriver to secure the bracket with its flip out wings.

If you locate the subwoofer along a wall away from your receiver/amplifier, connecting it through a 1-Port Wall Outlet (WP3401-WH) and using a run of coax cable back to the Home Theater Connection Kit will result in a more professional looking installation.

Cut a 2 ¼” wide by 3 ¾” high hole in the wall behind the subwoofer and secure the outlet bracket along with one of our RCA to F-Connector Inserts (WP3466-WH).

Step 2: Cut mounting holes Step 2: Cut mounting holes Step 2: Cut mounting hole

Run wires through wall and ceiling

Run a single 16/2 speaker wire from the connection kit location to each speaker location. Label each wire at the connection kit end.

If using a 1-Port Wall Outlet for the subwoofer connection, run a coax cable from the connection kit location to the 1-Port Wall Outlet location.

Cut all wires to the desired length and feed them down from the attic through holes drilled in the wall top studs to all outlet locations and all speaker locations.

hole in wall for speaker

Connect wires to speakers

Strip approximately 3/8” of insulation from each speaker wire conductor.

Separate the braid in two, twist together and connect to the black and red push-to-insert-style terminals on each in-wall and in-ceiling speaker.

Mount the speakers using the flip-out screw brackets.

For maximum sound output, make sure you wire your speakers "in phase" by running the conductor from the "+" on the connection kit to the red terminal on the speaker and the "-" to the black terminal on the speaker.

Connect the subwoofer directly to the subwoofer output connectors on the back of your receiver/amplifier with an RCA cable.

If connecting through 1-Port Wall Outlet mentioned earlier, at the outlet location terminate the coax cable with an RG-6QS connector.

Connect RG6-QS to the RCA to F-Connector insert, snap insert into 1-Port Wall Plate and mount the Wall Plate in the outlet bracket.

Connect the subwoofer to the 1-Port Wall Plate with an RCA cable.

Note: To maximize efficiency for your in-ceiling speakers, you can build a speaker back box as described on the speaker Instruction/Installation sheet. Before mounting the speaker, fill the back box cavity with a good quality insulation. After mounting, cover the cavity with a piece of plywood or MDF to complete the back box. If you have access to the wall, you can also build back boxes for your in-wall speakers using the same techniques.

connecting speaker wires

Connect wires to connection kit

Pull the five 16/2 speaker wires through the Home Theater Connection Kit bracket.

Strip approximately ¼” of insulation from each conductor and connect to the appropriate screw terminals on the back of the connection kit. Keep conductors in phase.

If the subwoofer is connected through a 1-Port Wall Plate, terminate the coax cable at the connection kit location with an RG6 “F” connector and screw that into the .1 sub-woofer connection on the back of the connection kit.

Mount the volume control in the bracket and attach the wall plate cover.

Connect Wires to Kit

Connect home theater gear to connection kit

Using five appropriate lengths of 16/2 speaker wire, strip approximately ¼" of insulation from each conductor and run from the left, right, center, plus left surround and right surround speaker connections on the back of your receiver/amplifier to the corresponding speaker terminals on the front of the Home Theater Connection Kit.

Make sure to keep conductors in phase as mentioned in Step 4.

Make sure your subwoofer is connected either through the Home Theater Connection Kit or directly to your receiver/amplifier.

5.1 Surround Sound

Sit back and enjoy the game

5.1 Surround Sound